Professor Om P. Malik has done pioneering work in the development of controllers for application in electric power systems and wind power generation over the past 45 years. After extensive testing, the adaptive controllers developed by his group are now employed on large generating units. His other interests include digital protection, control of renewable power generation and micro-grids, and AI applications in power system control.
He has published over 700 papers including over 360 papers in international Journals and is the coauthor of two books.
Professor Malik graduated in 1952 from Delhi Polytechnic. After working for nine years in electric utilities in India, he obtained a Master’s Degree from Roorkee University in 1962, a Ph.D. from London University and a DIC from the Imperial College, London in 1965.
He was teaching and doing research in Canada from 1966 to 1997 and continues to do research as Professor Emeritus at the University of Calgary. Over 100, including 45 Ph.D., students have graduated under his supervision.
Professor Malik is a Life Fellow of IEEE, and a Fellow of IET, the Engineering Institute of Canada, Canadian Academy of Engineering, Engineers Canada and World Innovation Foundation. He is a registered Professional Engineer in the Provinces of Alberta and Ontario, Canada, and has received many awards. He was Director, IEEE Region 7 and President, IEEE Canada during 2010-11 and President, Engineering Institute of Canada, 2014-2016.
Title of Speech: Adaptive and AI Control
A panacea in one aspect in the march to a smarter grid
Abstract: Power systems engineers have always been on the forefront of exploring and utilizing any new enabling technology, as it became available, to improve the operation of power systems, i.e. making it smarter. Even though the term ‘Smart Grid’ has become ubiquitous very recently, its definition is flexible.
Meaning and understanding of Smart grid is usually multifaceted to variable audiences. Although it is difficult to identify exactly what it is or understand its potential advantages and concerns, one generic description is given as;
“A smart grid is a digitally enabled electric grid that gathers, distributes and acts on information about the behavior of all components in order to improve the efficiency, reliability and sustainability of electricity services.”
Developments in digital technology have made it feasible to develop and implement improved controllers based on modern more sophisticated techniques. The strength of this approach will be illustrated by the application of adaptive and artificial intelligence control to improve the power system stability by enhanced damping of oscillations in the power system. Basic theory and effectiveness of the proposed approach will be illustrated by simulation studies and experimental results of on-line real-time studies on physical power systems. It will be shown how the use of modern control techniques can improve the power system reliability by automatically tracking the system state thus making the system smarter.
Suhana Mohd Said is currently an Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya. She obtained her M.Eng. in Engineering Science from the University of Durham, United Kingdom, in 1997. She then gained her D.Phil. from the University of Oxford, United Kingdom, in Liquid Crystal Technology in 2003. Her research interests are thermoelectrics materials and devices, electronics packaging and molecular modeling of electronic materials. She has been actively researching thermoelectrics as a renewable energy technology since 2009. She has published over 100 scientific papers, filed 5 patents, and has been invited and plenary speaker in several international conferences in the field of thermoelectrics and liquid crystals. She is also currently the President of the Malaysian Thermoelectrics Society.
Title of Speech: Development of Thermoelectric Technology : From Fundamental Molecular Design To Energy Harvesting Devices
Abstract: Thermoelectric generators are solid state devices which allow conversion of a thermal gradient into electricity. Its performance is quantified in terms of the Figure of Merit (ZT), where a high performance thermoelectric material should possess a high electrical conductivity, high Seebeck coefficient (volts generated per degree Kelvin) and low thermal conductivity. In recent years, we have embarked on a thermoelectric research programme which spans from design of thermoelectric materials from first principes, into working energy harvesting devices. A valuable design pathway for formulation of high performance thermoelectrics is through molecular design of thermoelectric materials. Classes of thermoelectric materials include semiconductor alloys, chalcogenides, skutterudites, and electrochemical redox solutions. Case studies on materials such as skutterudites and spin crossover metal complexes will be discussed to illustrate the correlation between molecular structure and thermoelectric performance. Skutterudites arw a physical manifestation of the Phonon Glass Electron Crystal (PGEC) which allows simultaneous enhancement of electrical conductivity and reduction of thermal conductivity which is useful for overall improvement of thermoelectric performance. Careful tuning of the thermoelectric performance is enabled through rational modification of the skutterudite crystal structure. On the other hand, spin crossover (SCO) metal complexes are able to change their magnetic spin state in response to a temperature stimulus, resulting in a highly deformable molecular structure. When employed as part of a redox solution, the SCO complex is able to act as a thermoelectric material, with the accompanying entropy changes resulting in a relatively high Seebeck coefficient. Subsequently, we demonstrate that these high performing materials are developed into devices, demonstrating their potential thermoelectric energy generation capabilities. We thus illustrate an effective and systematic design pathway from fundamental molecular design to tangible energy harvesting devices. Potential applications include harvesting of waste heat into useful electricity, for example in automobile engines, the steelworks industry, and solar heat.
Hazlie Mokhlis received the Bachelor of Engineering (B. Eng. (Hons)) degree and Master of Engineering Science (M.Eng.Sc) in Electrical Engineering from University of Malaya in 1999 and 2003 respectively. He received PhD degree from the University of Manchester in 2009. He is currently Professor at Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Malaya and Deputy Dean Postgraduate Studies. He had held several positions; Deputy Dean Research (2013-2014), Deputy Dean Postgraduate Studies (2014-2015) and Head of Department (2015-2017) at the Faculty of Engineering. Dr Hazlie is actively involved in research as a principle investigator with a total amount of research grant worth more than RM 2 million. He is the author and co-author of more than 200 publications in international journals and proceedings in the area of Power Systems and Energy. His h-index is 22 with total of 1582 citation. He had successfully supervised to completion 18 PhD, 7 Master (by research) and 52 Master (by course work project) candidates. He also involves actively as reviewer for international journal such as IEEE transaction on Power Systems, IEEE transaction on Sustainable Energy, IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, Applied SoftComputing, Energy Conversion & Management, and several international conferences. Besides involve with research, he is also active in the development of Malaysian Standard as a member of Working Group in Development of Malaysian's Power System Analysis and Studies (WG6) and Expert Representative in IEC for project TC 8/PT 62786. His research interest includes fault location, network reconfiguration, islanding operation, islanding detection, and renewable energy. Prof Hazlie is a Chartered Engineer with the Engineering Council UK and a Professional Engineer with the Board of Engineers Malaysia. Currently he is Executive Committee for IEEE Power Energy Society Malaysia Chapter.
Title of Speech: Smart Charging Coordination of Plug-in Electrical Vehicle based on Analytic Hierarchy Process Considering Time-of-Use
Abstract: The depletion on oil reserve, environmental issues and advancement in battery technology had led to Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEVs) popularities in recent year. Despite such encourage development, the usage of PEV mainly in its charging activities could potential stress and increase the operation cost of a distribution system. Therefore, this talk will present a smart charging coordination for PEV based on analytic hierarchy based (AHP) with consideration of multi-objective in a smart grid infrastructure to provide simultaneous benefits to the power utilities and PEV users. The power loss is minimized by determining the charging time span for each PEV and distribution system capacity is maximized by connecting maximum number of PEV to the grid. Customer benefit is considered through time-of-use electrical tariff to minimize the PEV charging cost. The proposed approach is tested in 449-nodes residential distribution system. The obtained results shown the effectiveness the proposed method with minimum power loss, non-overload, and minimum cost of charging
A. R. Al-Ali (SM IEEE) received his Ph.D. in electrical engineering and a minor in computer science from Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA, 1990; Master degree from Polytechnic Institute of New York, USA, 1986 and B.Sc.EE from Aleppo University, Syria, 1979. From 1991–2000, he worked as an associate/assistant professor in KFUPM, Saudi Arabia. Since 2000 and till now, he has been a professor of computer science and engineering at the American University of Sharjah, UAE. His research and teaching interests include: embedded systems hardware and software architectures, smart homes automations, smart grid evolutions and development, smart factories and cities. Dr. Al-Ali has more than 100 conference and journal publications including two USA and European Patents. Professor Al-Ali has been invited to deliver keynote speeches on the recent evolution and development in internet of things, cyber physical systems, smart grid and smart cities in several local and international conferences (https://www.aus.edu/faculty/dr-abdulrahman-al-ali)
Title of Speech: The Roadmap from Smart Grid to Smart Cities
Abstract: About a decade ago, smart grid concept took off by the introduction of its conceptual model. Many contributions to the smart grid were done by academics and industrial R&D professionals. Recently, the smart grid concept was extended to smart transportation, smart building, smart healthcare, and smart manufacturing. Nowadays, those extensions are being led by the smart city paradigm. Industry 4.0 revolutionized the smart city and the smart grid by adding new enabling technologies namely, the Internet of Things, Cyber Physical Systems, and Cloud Computing. This talk highlights the technical roadmap from the Smart Grid to Smart Cities.